First Aid Training

First Aid Advice: CPR

What to do if someone stops breathing







Ensure the scene is safe of all hazards before approaching, do not get involved unless it is safe to do so


Check for a response by trying to wake the casualty. Call out to them to see if they respond to your voice, if not then squeeze their shoulders


Check that there is nothing in the casualty's mouth, then tilt their head and lift their chin to open their airway


Check for effective breathing, if there are no signs of life then send for a defibrillator and call for an ambulance


Place your hands in the centre of their chest and press down 30 times, you need to go to a depth of approximately 5-6 cm or about a third of the depth of their chest

Rescue Breaths

If willing and able, attempt 2 rescue breaths


Continue CPR at a ratio of 30 chest compressions to 2 rescue breaths

If unable or unwilling to perform rescue breaths, just do continuous chest compressions

Keep Going!

Continue CPR until help arrives, the casualty starts showing signs of life, or you become physically exhausted

Checking for dangers and response
Head tilt chin lift to open airway
Chest compressions
Mouth to mouth rescue breaths
Place on side to maintain airway

Don't forget the defib!



As soon as a defibrillator arrives, be sure to switch it on and follow the voice commands. Remember a defibrillator can be used by anyone, you do not need any formal training to use it safely, of course I would always recommend taking a first aid course to give you more confidence

Correct defib pad placement

CPR and Defibrillation is taught on all courses listed below

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